A case of Dupuytren’s contracture has been discovered dating back nearly three thousand years. The Monthemhat Project, a multinational Egyptology group, recently published an analysis of 18 mummies from the Third Intermediate Period from the Luxor Cachette, and report the diagnosis of Dupuytren’s contracture involving the left hand of one of the mummies. The full report, “Estudio Antropológico, Paleopatológico Y Radiológico De Las Momias Localizadas En El Almacen Número 4 De La Casa Americana (El Asasif, Luxor, Egypt): Proyecto Monthemhat 2009” is available here: http://www.dupuytrenfoundation.org/DupPDFs/2009_garciaguixe.pdf. The Third Intermediate Period refers to the time in Ancient Egypt from the death of Pharaoh Ramesses XI in 1070 BC to the foundation of the Twenty-Sixth Dynasty by Psamtik I in 664 BC. If this is true, this identifies a case of Dupuytren’s nearly two thousand years before the previously earliest reports of Dupuytren’s in Orkney and Iceland in the 12th and 13th centuries. The question is: were the Egyptians the secret ancestors of the Vikings?